Church of Siberia:
Filling in from one of my entries in 'For Better, For Worse' a map game I participated in on AH.com. In this time-line there were certain changes in political movements during the 19th & Early 20th Centuries. Whilst at first having little to no impact on the world it did lead to a certain shift in decisions and by the beginning of the 1st World War a particularly popular form of clerical-fascism had emerged and taken hold of much of Eastern Russia with support from the more conservative rural population.
The Russian Revolution took place at roughly the same place as OTL but things went very differently. The Bolsheviks were able to take the major cities of the west but found themselves incapable of expanding East of the Urals where the Whites joined up with the new theocratic movement. The Civil War went on until 1919 when the two sides formed a truce of exhaustion and an unofficial border was drawn between the two. The Communists ruled Russia West of the Urals and the Fascist Theocrats ruled everything East.
World War One lasted until 1919 due to the US refusing to enter until later. This caused a Socialist Revolution to break out in Germany once the food shortages and the hardships of the war effort became too much. The Kaiser was deposed, a revolutionary government was put in place and Germany sent a truce to the Allies. The Allies, too exhausted themselves and suffering from Socialist terrorists and demonstrations accepted the conditions and World War One ended with mutual dissatisfaction for all parties. Germany and Russia formed a vitriolic alliance and worked hard to recover and convert Eastern Europe whilst the Allies took their frustrations out on an Ottoman Empire that was punished even more harshly than OTL.
The Second World War was held off until several sides had developed nukes. This worlds Second World War was even more devastating and lead to horrendous losses and tightening control by many governments especially those of Europe. With the collapse of France into anarchy and Britain embroiled in its own problems, the Germans marched across Europe until they hit the Pyrennes where the syndicalist state of Spain proved too tenacious and insane to conquer and so they settled for breaking off the Catalan regions that forever after remained an annoyance for the organised Socialist Bloc before rejoining Spain. Despite the general success of the Germans, the fascist states of the Mediterranean survived through government control and their populations hatred/fear of the Socialists. Great Britain finally managed to recover with the help of the their empire and the United States.
The world settled down into a Cold War in the 1950s with the truce and Peace Treaty of Amsterdam in 1956. Three factions were left to divide much of the world between them.
Germany is still the leader of the Socialist Bloc with the most advanced economy. Germany never went through a Stalinist or Maoist phase but there were still some periods of nasty forced industrialisation and modernisation. Life in Germany for the people is one of militant uniformity with an unofficial hierarchy deciding the course of the nation. World Revolution has been off the plate for decades now and the Party long ago shifted its focus away towards the modernisation and stabilisation of the Socialist State. The economy began a gradual and somewhat painful transfer to a computer managed economy that has (due to German know-how) successfully reinvigorated the German economy and whilst various necessary reforms did take place the Germans have brought themselves and most of the rest of the bloc through the turbulent 90s intact and with a Socialist identity.
Russia is the next Socialist state in the (unofficial) Bloc hierarchy. Russia has never been anywhere near the power status of the USSR and is still very much a German subordinate. However Russia was saved from collapse because of both the shared modernisation efforts of the Germans and the lack of other ethnicities. Russia is more backward and corrupt than Germany but still gets through. Russian citizens suffer far more oppression than their German counterparts which has for the time kept their state together but there has been increasingly shrill calls from Berlin to tone down their military structure and instead focus on their economy like they have.
Socialist China is the third largest and most powerful of the Socialist Bloc. China is more traditionalist than OTL with a greater survival of Chinese culture. Chinese Socialism was founded by a more endemic faction that blended traditional Chinese traditions and ideals with Socialism. China still suffers from a largely illiterate peasant population but has made use of them as a labour source that is currently being exploited to its greatest potential in order to expand their economy. China suffers by far the greatest levels of pollution which has been noticed by the Party representatives in both Beijing and Berlin. Corruption in the Chinese government is fairly high and the German representatives are often bribed in order to ignore the new Union approved policies to efficiently modernise.
The League of Iron is the most radical opponent of the Union. In this TL fascism did emerge but under a different name. The League are all right-wing nations with varying degrees of authoritarian control. The technical leader of the League is the Holy Russian Empire. Holy Russia is an outright imperialistic theocracy with an absolutely insane level of social religious fanaticism. Holy Russia is a very militant society with public executions, military parades and an ever-present secret police force that do a very bad job at being secret. Government propaganda is tied to the Orthodox Church with preachers at the compulsory Sunday Masses constantly spouting political rhetoric alongside doctored quotes and passages from the Bible. Holy Russia also rules its own set of puppet states which alongside the Turkic majority states are subjected to incredibly enthusiastic and brutal conversion schemes. Life in these regions is very difficult for any people under state suspicion.
The other major states of the League are found in the Mediterranean nations. Italy and Portugal managed to survive the World Wars more or less intact but the existing Nationalist governments used the conflicts and threat of their neighbours to tighten their holds. These two continue to hold onto their colonies through a different form of neo-colonialism. The Latin colonial empires are undergoing a process of slow sterilisation and chemical castration of the native populations of their colonies so that births do not exceed the government labour quotas. Various Arab and Asian nations are also part fo the League for various reasons. Nations such as Persia and Saudi Arabia are succumbed to their own local Nationalist movements due to the rise of the Arab Union and the proximity of Germany and Socialist Russia. A delicate political equilibrium is maintained within the League that allows the Islamic regimes/nations to continue despite the nature of the Christian lead nations of the League, so long as they keep the oil flowing.
With Europe and most of Asia and South America fallen to the authoritarian powers most of the remaining democratic nations gathered together into a political organization to oppose the other two power blocs. The United States avoided getting directly involved in both World Wars but did send aid, support and encouraged volunteer forces to support the nations of Europe. However after Europe fell and the UK was hit by several primitive atomic weapons the United States directly intervened and saved the UK from collapsing.
The United States today is far more militant than OTL but more socially liberal than OTL. The treatment of various demographics by the other blocs along with an earlier opening of immigration than OTL lead to an earlier and larger civil rights movement. However society is still fairly sexist with the traditional social obligations placed on both men and women still being enforced. Like OTL the USA scorns Socialism and plays up their capitalist culture and vilifies Socialism and outright Nationalism in order to combat their influences. However the USA is still very right-wing by OTL standards. The USA is also more religious than OTL in reaction to the rise of aggressive Islamic dictatorships. Despite the size of their partner the Commonwealth the USA still has the largest economy in the world but the age of affluence has ended and the economy is shifted to a less consumerist and more long term economic strategies are being promoted.
The other major partner of the Atlantic Defensive Community is the Imperial Commonwealth. Prior to the World Wars the British Empire had been using different governmental practices in order to tie the Empire together into a form of 'Imperial Federation'. By World War Two there was a greater cohesion between the UK and their existing Dominions as well as the emerging Raj Dominion. Britain is divided into three different systems of federal government that monitor the development of the states of the Commonwealth. Life in the Commonwealth is very pan-cultural with an exchange of cultural traditions that has amalgamated many different characteristics. It is common to see a massive diversity of products when walking down a typical street in the Commonwealth. The Commonwealth is a decentralised federal entity but when their economic input is combined they are capable of competing with the largest world economies.
Technology is varied depending on the power bloc, region and culture of the state. Overall technology is far more advanced than OTL especially in certain fields such as bio-technology and militarily applied technology. Space travel is still prevalent with several orbital weapons in place, four primitive bases on the Moon and an Anglo-American Mars Landing. A more intense Cold War, a wider use of nuclear power, a Socialist Bloc more given over to technocracy and a large fascist bloc have seen a greater advance of science. Also due to a Nationalist fascination with nature much fo the world is more environmentally aware and more efforts have been made by the League (and to a lesser extent ADC) to preserve the environment and find alternative sources of fuel and resources.
Credit to B.Munro/Quantumbranching for the term Nationalism to replace Fascism.