Now the whole 55 BC, High King Eowyn thing never happened and it is simply revisionist history by the Britannian government who like all fascist nations mythologise their history to their people. However the POD for this world was during the Elizabethan Age where Elizabeth I did take a lover and give birth to an illegitimate child. The desire to keep a Protestant king on the throne was what lead to Henry IX crowning after his mother's death. With a solidly Protestant dynasty on the English throne England managed to avoid the English civil War and kept the power of the monarch closer to absolute than OTL. The colonisation of the Americas also saw a greater proportion of landed gentry arriving at the behest of the Royal family who were able to gain large, prosperous estates and plantations in the New World.
Eventually an age of revolution began by the Enlightenment led to a Napoleon analogue emerging in France. The British were defeated and forced to flee to their colonies where a few years prior a republican revolution had broken out and was brutally put down. The influx of absolutists, aristocrats conservatives and loyalists ended any possibility of another rebellion taking place. However the British colonists rallied and attacked the weak and overstretched European colonies in a rapid and paranoid conquest of the Americas. The Britannian identity was born from the mythologising of British culture in response to the sheer number of Amerindian, European and Hispanic subjects.
The Holy Britannian Empire is the supreme world power with an empire that controls over a third of the worlds surface. Britannia is a traditionalist, Social-Darwinist, hierarchical nation with a strict class system. Society in Britannia is conservative though women are given equal opportunities for employment and achievement as long as they are capable of doing it on their own strength. Britannia is an absolutist government with the Emperor as the head of state and government with the Senate handling the administration delegated to them by the Emperor and the aristocracy governing the provinces on behalf of the Emperor. Britannia is a capitalist society that is supported by the ideals of the empire and has allowed it to become very prosperous despite the authoritarian state of the empire. Britannian society is a class system with the aristocracy and corporate families at the top. Society for the Britannian citizens is decided by income but prosperity is guaranteed for any citizen through the labour of the Numbers. Numbers are the lowest rung of the social ladder with a few exceptions of puppet leaders that were given privilege after the conquests of their nations.
Life for numbers in the Britannian Areas is horrendous. Numbers are actively discriminated against by Britannian citizens and are often exploited as cheap physical labour. Numbers are consigned to ghettos where squalor is common and is just as likely to result in death as accidents at work. In the older areas the ghettos are government built and under more progressive Viceroys looking for a continued work force would often have basic communal services. Numbers do have the option of honorary citizenship which allows greater status in society as technical first class citizens. However strict requirements are necessary and the Honorary Britannian will still be subjected to discrimination by pure blood citizens. The easiest way to gain citizenship is to join the army where benefits are guaranteed along with a higher salary. Honorary Britannians will often be used by the army as cannon fodder.
The current Emperor Charles Zi Britannia is a devout believer of the ideals of the Empire. Since his rule began the exploitation of the Areas has grown worse and often corrupt nobles have found that their power has become an even stronger shield when engaging in illegal activities whilst citizens and Numbers all suffer for it. The Emperor is a self acknowledged polygamist that has over a hundred wives and consorts but only a few of his most powerful wives have given him children. Charles considers all his children legitimate in their claims to the throne and uses the right of succession as a tool to decide his successor by pitting his children against one another.
The European Universe is Britannia's main rival. The EU was developed from the empire of Louis Vanqoeur after his assassination at Waterloo. His son inherited his vast and complex empire and was unable to exert the control his father had. The Empire held together but decentralised as puppet states began to express their own identities and rights. The EU is now a federal democratic society that upholds the ideals of self-determination, human rights and democracy. Monarchy is still present in many nations across Europe and the rest of the Union but by now numerous republics exist. Despite their ideals the EU is definitely Eurocentric with much of Africa still economic dependencies that receive minor assistance in their development. The EU is a far more liberal society than their rivals but by OTL standards is conservative and militant. The EU is cosmopolitan with new social fads appearing from across the EU along with a surprising tolerance of culture language and religion. Despite the prevalence of French as the lingua franca of EU government and France still being the figurehead of the EU there has been a shift in power. Germany is the centre of science and research in the EU, Russia is the most economically productive and Britain exports the most cultural influence these days.
The EU decolonised after the Great War/1st Pacific War. Despite loosing their Asian and Pacific colonies to the Britannians and Chinese the EU was able to retain nominal control over their African colonies. All of Africa is still under Europe's thumb in some way or another. Several African states that received sufficient development and colonisation before decolonisation have managed to become fairly prosperous and influential enough to qualify for status in the Hemicycle. The EU is a heavily fortified nation with an enormous complex system of defensive structures designed in the event of invasion by the Britannians or the Chinese. The EU state security does have a lot of power despite the EU's ideals and conscription is universal in every EU state.
Butterflies lead to different leaders in China that managed to modernise the nation before the 19th Century. There was no century of humiliation for the Chinese and they even managed to hold off powers like Russia and Japan. China's enormous population made it incredibly powerful once industrialisation became large scale in China. During the mid 19th Century China suffered a civil war during he period of industrialisation and the old Qing Dynasty was overthrown by the previously obscure but progressive Jiang family who established their own dynasty. The Chinese Federation is a strange nation with an absolute monarchy, a federated political system and a socialist economy. Much of society excepting the socialist ideals is still very traditionalist.
A major partner in the Chinese Federation is the enormous and economically strong Indian Raj. India was liberated from French rule during the 1st Pacific War and remained united due to Chinese guns before a new arrangement could be worked out. Other members of the federation have been liberated by the Chinese from European control after the Great War/1st Pacific War. All the members of the federation accept the Empress of China as their monarch. The current Empress Jiang Lihua was placed on the throne at age six and has been dominated by her corrupt subordinates the High Eunuchs that have stolen the wealth of the nation in order to live in luxury. Due to this corruption much of the Federation is in the grip of almost crippling poverty.
The Republic of Australia was founded by British colonists and was strengthened by Europeans fleeing Vanqouer Europe or Britannian America. Australia is an officially neutralised nation but does house several Britannian military bases on lease to their government. Australia is genuinely democratic and is often the destination for any seeking political asylum.
Japan modernised like OTL but failed to establish themselves as a colonial empire due to a stronger China. Japan joined in the 1st Pacific War but was defeated. The government reformed into a constitutional monarchy. Japan has always been the owner of the worlds largest deposit of the super-conducting mineral Sakuradite. Since their failure at military conquest the Japanese have begun exploiting the poorer nation states of the Chinese Federation and EU as much as they can and have begun to set themselves up as a fourth superpower on economics alone.
The year is now 2009 and the biggest news is the recent assassination of Marianne Vi Britannia a former Knight of the Round and the favourite consort of Emperor Charles. This was subsequently followed with the political exile of her young son Lelouch Vi Britannia and traumatised and crippled daughter Nunnally Vi Britannia who have been sent to Japan as political pawns for the Emperors plans for military expansion as tension rises between the three powers and the increasingly arrogant Japanese.
About Japan. I took a few liberties with the pre-conquest government because of how little detail their was. That fact that the old aristocracy still existed and was so powerful seemed like evidence of the nation still being a traditionalist monarchical state but you do raise a valid point there.
Well, thanks, but I admit I don't have many elements to prove my theory, one would be that in a OVA of the series, when Nunnaly(Leoluch's sister) ask to Leoluch if exist an Emperor in Japan, Leoluch reply: <<No, Japan is a democracy, there is no king>>, thus I admit the Suzaku father is always mentions are the Prime Minister of Japan and never as President, though this may be do to the fact that Japan, after the First Pacific war, turn in a parlament republic and no in a presidential republic, so that’s would means that even if exist a president the true “ruler” of the country would be the Prime Minister.
However, I’m quite sure that in the episode where Nina explain the existence of the uranium, she seem disappointed since she said that only the 0,97% of all uranium of earth is of U-236, the one necessary for nuclear reaction, so it’s logical to presume that thus it exist uranium and the scientists are aware of its existence, and its “potential”, there is simply not enough for a nuclear reaction, also I disagreed with you about the sakuradite being a fuel-like thing, it surely true that the sakuradite is necessary for the mass production of energy but since, it is extract from the Fuij, it’s meant is more like a mineral(I think it also appear like this in one of the spin-off manga series), beside I’m quite sure that all the core of the Knightmare, the mechanique combat armor used in the series, are made of sakuradite.
The Quebecois are French who are England's worst historical enemy and responsible for kicking the British out of the British Isles. I think there's a lot of reasons for the racial supremacist Britannians to dislike them.
Two hundred years of Napoleonic rule over territories he made a part of France in OTL is enough to stabilise rule over a state that is federal as well. Also this appears to be a world where pan-nationalist ideals have grown up to replace nation-state nationalism so Yugoslavia is also likely to come into being.
In my own head-canon that flashback was an EU civil war that the French did win. Russia is also still rather backward by the standards of this world, economically productive but backward, also France's leadership is largely one of prestige. As it says in the write-up France is a figurehead that has been outdone by several other nations in economic, technological and even cultural dominance.
Why can't Russia still have control of Armenia and Georgia in a world where mega-empires have come into being and survived against all the odds?
I imagine that the Quebecoise are very closely monitored for any signs of overt Frenchness. By this point I think that their resistance ha sbeen beaten out of them by the Britannian occupation. I mean in the extra materials, Cornelia and Schneizel even have a debate over the idea of leaving the Numbers any hope of freedom and something to strive for or simply crushing their spirits altogether and thus lowering their productivity as a result.
The federalisation of France in this TL allowed Napoleon's Greater France to survive whilst satisfying the nationalists by granting them regional autonomy over their own regions and representation in Paris. It's not perfect but it has assuaged most of the nationalists barring the extremists.
Nationalism works in this world but like I said the world of Code Geass appears to be one of massive pan-national identities developing over ethnic or linguistic nationality. Think of it like the fact that all of the states that make up the USA have a local identity but at the same time think of themselves as Americans, part of a larger somewhat decentralised superstate that encompasses all of them whilst maintaining their local identity.
An example in series would be the Chinese Federation. Empress/Tianzi Jiang Lihua appears to be respected and loved almost universally throughout the Chinese Federation, despite it being made up of so many different cultures, and has served as an effective symbol of unity and integrity even during the High Eunuchs corrupt and oppressive regime. Even when the Chinese Federation was disbanded I believe the series hinted she still was the head of state of all of the former constituent nations. Maybe they work like the Commonwealth of Nations in OTL now?
Armenia/Georgia was probably ignorance on my part when I made this map. They were part of the EU so I just put them as part of Russia. I mean its far from the most ASB thing in the series or this map though I think the history displayed in this map is a lot more realistic than the actual simple one portrayed in the canon wiki.
Popularity in the anti-Britannians will probably vary. Like I said they are a mixed bag and that means a lot of different motives, methods and plans for the future all conflicting with one another.
On the point of borders in canon. That made even less sense than any part of their phenomenally poorly constructed history. This is an interpretation I made using canon material but still changing things to reflect the POD a little more.
Your comment on nations and democracy at their inception certainly does make sense to me at least.
Finally they never really say how big the United States of China really is. They mention the Chinese Federation was disbanded but did they break it up or simply turn it into a looser union? Tianzi/Jiang Lihua is, as previously mentioned, beloved throughout the entirety of the Federation so would the people accept having her kicked out of power? Also by the looks of it even if you broke up the Chinese Federation then China would still have a significant voting block because it's population would be enormous compared to everyone but India and Britannia.
Hope this would help
I honestly had issues with the High King Eowyn stuff but then I remembered Nazi obsession with Norse mythology, Italian obsession with Ancient Rome and Japan's obession with Bushido tradition so I thought why wouldn't the Britannians do it. I mean fascist governments lie all the time and Britannia always seems to be obessed with Arthurian mythology.
I am now really annoyed at the release of the new OVAs and the European history that came with it. I mean come on the people put Naopleon in power and then rise up against him and execute him. Even by the Code Geass universe's standards that ASB.
Yeah the setting had potential but the ASB POD and timeline was too much and I'm a big fan of Turtledove's World War Series
The space bats really do have quite a grip on that reality don't they?
Still, this is pretty good! ^^